Hands holding a globe with leaves around it to represent ESG

ESG Investing and Sample ESG Investments

ESG Investing and Sample ESG Investments

Investing has always been about finding the right balance between risk and reward.

In recent years, however, there has been a growing focus on considering the impact of investments not just on financial returns, but also on the environment, society, and governance (ESG).

ESG investing is a method of evaluating companies based on their impact in these three areas and has become an increasingly popular way for investors to align their investments with their values and help create a more sustainable future. You can also read more about sustainable investing.

What is ESG Investing?

ESG investing evaluates companies based on their environmental, social, and governance practices. This includes looking at factors such as the company’s carbon footprint, labour practices, executive pay, and overall approach to sustainability and corporate responsibility.

Investors use ESG metrics to help them make informed decisions about where to invest their money, with the goal of not only achieving financial returns by also supporting companies that are making a positive impact on the world.

3 Metrics of ESG Investing

1. Environmental

The “Environmental” aspect of ESG investing looks at a company’s impact on the environment, including factors such as energy usage, greenhouse gas emissions, and waste management. Some specific environmental criteria that ESG investors may consider include:
  1. Climate change: This includes a company’s carbon footprint, its efforts to reduce emissions, and its plans for mitigating the impacts of climate change.
  2. Resource use: This includes a company’s use of natural resources such as water, land, and minerals, as well as its waste management practices.
  3. Product impact: This includes the environmental impact of a company’s products, such as whether they are biodegradable or energy-efficient.

2. Environmental

The “Social” aspect of ESG investing considers a company’s relationships with its employees, customers, and communities. Some specific social criteria that ESG investors may consider include:

  1. Labour standards: This includes a company’s treatment of its employees, such as whether it provides fair wages, safe working conditions, and opportunities for professional development.
  2. Human rights: This includes a company’s respect for human rights, such as freedom of speech and freedom from discrimination.
  3. Community engagement: This includes a company’s relationship with the communities in which it operates, such as its support for local initiatives and its impact on local economies.

3. Governance

The “Governance” aspect of ESG investing looks at a company’s management practices, including its transparency, accountability, and commitment to ethical business practices. Some specific governance criteria that ESG investors may consider include:

  1. Board composition: This includes the diversity and independence of a company’s board of directors.
  2. Executive compensation: This includes the fairness and transparency of a company’s executive pay practices.
  3. Transparency: This includes a company’s willingness to disclose information about its operations and performance, as well as its commitment to ethical business practices

Overall, ESG investing considers a broad range of factors that can impact a company’s long-term financial performance, as well as its social and environmental impact. By considering these factors, ESG investors aim to make more informed investment decisions and to support companies that are making a positive impact on the world.

Why ESG is important in Investing

Investors are increasingly recognizing the importance of ESG factors in their investment decision-making process. ESG metrics can provide valuable insights into the long-term sustainability of a company, which can have a significant impact on its financial performance.

For example, companies that have strong ESG practices and a commitment to sustainability are more likely to attract and retain top talent, reduce their exposure to risk, and maintain a positive reputation with consumers. These factors can all contribute to long-term financial success and stability.

Additionally, ESG investing can help investors align their investments with their personal values and make a positive impact on the world. This is particularly important for those concerned about the environment and the impact of their investments on future generations.

One of the key benefits of ESG investing is that it can help to reduce risk and increase returns. Studies have shown that companies with strong ESG practices are less likely to face legal, regulatory, and reputational risks, and are more likely to weather economic downturns and other challenges.

Furthermore, ESG investing can help to promote a more sustainable and responsible business practice, as companies that are held to higher ESG standards are more likely to take steps to reduce their environmental impact and improve their social and governance practices.

Examples of ESG Products

The growing popularity of ESG investing is evident in the growing number of ESG-focused funds and other investment products available to investors. In recent years, ESG funds have experienced tremendous growth, with assets under management in these funds growing by more than 60% between 2016 and 2019.

There are several options for investing in ESG-focused products, including:

  1. ESG Mutual Funds and ETFs – Mutual funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that focus on ESG investing are becoming increasingly popular. These funds typically invest in a diversified portfolio of companies that meet certain ESG criteria, allowing investors to easily access a range of ESG investments in one place.
  2. ESG-focused Stocks – Investors can also choose to invest directly in individual stocks of companies that are leaders in ESG practices. This allows investors to create a more customised ESG investment portfolio.
  3. ESG Impact Funds –  Impact funds are a type of ESG investment that focuses specifically on creating a positive social or environmental impact. These funds invest in companies that are working to address specific social or environmental challenges, such as renewable energy or affordable housing.
  4. Sustainable Bond Funds – Sustainable bond funds invest in bonds issued by companies and governments that are committed to ESG practices. This type of investment provides investors with the opportunity to support ESG initiatives while also earning a fixed income.
  5. ESG Themed Index Funds – Another option for ESG investing is to invest in index funds that track a specific ESG-themed index, such as a clean energy index or a sustainable agriculture index.

Regardless of the type of ESG investment you choose, it’s important to research and carefully consider the investment options available to you. This will help you to make an informed decision and to choose an investment strategy that aligns with your values and financial goals.


Incorporating ESG factors into your investment strategy is a crucial step towards responsible and sustainable investing.

By assessing companies’ environmental, social, and governance impact, investors can make informed decisions that generate both financial returns and positive impacts for the future.

Whether you’re a novice or an experienced investor, adopting ESG principles can help you achieve your financial goals while contributing to a better world.

At Club10mplus, we strongly believe in this investment approach and encourage our members to join us in investing responsibly for a sustainable future. This is the type of investment we seek to make, and we invite you to join us on this journey toward creating a better world through responsible investing.